Key words: jacquard
Embroidery is a general term for various decorative patterns embroidered on fabrics by needles and threads. Embroidery is divided into silk thread embroidery and feather embroidery. It is a decorative fabric that uses a needle to puncture silk threads or other fibers and yarns in a certain pattern and color on the embroidery material to form patterns. It is an art of adding human design and production to any existing fabric with needles and threads. Embroidery is one of the traditional Chinese folk handicrafts, which has a history of at least two or three thousand years in China. Chinese embroidery mainly includes Suzhou embroidery, Hunan embroidery, Shu embroidery and Guangdong embroidery. Embroidery techniques include: staggered needle embroidery, disordered needle embroidery, net embroidery, floor to floor embroidery, lock silk, nash, nash brocade, plain gold, shadow gold, plate gold, velvet paving, scraping, poking, thread sprinkling, cross stitch, etc. Embroidery is mainly used for life and artistic decoration, such as clothing, bedding, table cloth, stage, art decoration.
Each has its own style, which has been passed on for a long time. Embroidery has dozens of stitches, such as needle alignment, trocar, needle binding, long and short stitches, needle punching, flat gold, sand punching, etc., which are colorful and unique.
Embroidery can be divided into silk embroidery, feather embroidery and hair embroidery according to materials. The use of embroideries includes: living clothes, singing and dancing or opera clothes, tablecloths, pillowcases, cushions and other daily necessities, screens, wall hangings and other furnishings. The most famous embroidery in the Ming Dynasty is Gu embroidery.
Embroidery has been handed down from generation to generation throughout Weinan. There are hundreds of designs and varieties. It mainly includes pillow, children's cap, belly covering, door curtain, insole, bed circumference, sewing bag, purse, animal toys, etc. Its contents are mostly flowers, birds, insects, fish and custom pictures. Women in Tongguan area embroider peonies representing wealth and elegant lotus flowers on both ends of the cloth stirrup. The workmanship is exquisite and very impressive, so it is called "Dongfu Embroidery". With the change of the times, the content of local products has been updated. At the same time, some traditional embroideries have entered the foreign trade market.
One hundred bird skirts, Princess Anle of Tang Zhongzong has two hundred bird skirts, both of which are rare treasures. They are clothes made of natural feathers. Feather embroidery can not only embroider landscapes, flowers and birds, but also various daily necessities, pillows, carpets and clothes.